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War in Bosnia

The former "Socialist Republic of
Jugoslawia" split 1991/92: The first of the six states proclaimed Slovenia, Croatia
and Mazedonia 1991 their independence. Bosnia - Herzegowina followed on April 7, 1992. On
April 27, 1992 Serbia and Montenegro united to "Federal Republic of Jugoslawia",
better known as "Rest-Jugoslawia".
Slowenia had the best initial position and
realised the independence: The Republic is ethic bind (only 2,4 % Serbs). The army is
controlled by the Serbs and should prevent the escape but after two weeks fights they had
to retire.
Later the army supported the serbic Fighters
is Croatia but at the beginning of 1992 the war shifted to Bosnia.
The problem in Bosnia are the three ethic
groups.
In Bosnia lived before the war : Bosnian
Muslims (44 %), Bosnian Serbs (32 %) and Bosnian Croats (17 %)
The fights started on March 6, 1992 after the
Muslims and Croats decided to get independent. The Serbs declared this referendum for
invalid and until August they controlled about 70 % of Bosnia. The Serbs started to drive
away, to arrest or to kill the Muslims and Croats from the conquered areas. International
Organisations tried vain to stop the fights in Bosnia. Even the UNO defence-zone
didn’t stop the Serbs.
We have to thank the private Organisations
like "Neighbour in distress" or "Care" that not more civilians died in
this brutal war. The UNO and the European Union made the big mistake just to talk and not
to act.
So time passed and nothing happened. Even the
USA stud up for a prompt peace. They bombarded the Serbs to the negotiations and now after
a long time there is finally peace in Bosnia (peace contract of Dayton).
But now Bosnia has a hard way to go: They
have to reconstruct whole cities and they have to overcome hate and fear of each other.
They have to learn how to live in peace again and they have to d...

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