Referate und Hausarbeiten : Englisch
• Reported speech (or indirect speech) is used to report what someone has said without quoting them.
Direct Speech Reported Speech
Sally said: “I want to go home.” Sally said that she wanted to go home.
Changing direct speech to reported speech
• If the reporting verb is in the past tense (which it most commonly is!!!) the tense of the reported speech changes (BACK SHIFT):
simple present simple past
“I walk the dog every day.” Sally said (that) she walked the dog every day.
present progressive past progressive
“I am walking the dog.” Sally told me that she was walking the dog.
“I will walk the dog every day.” Sally mentioned that she would walk the dog every day.
simple past past perfect
“I walked the dog last night.” Sally answered that she had walked the dog the night before.
past progressive past perfect progressive or past progressive
“I was walking the dog.” Sally said she had been walking / was walking the dog.
present perfect past perfect
“I have walked the dog today.” Sally said that she had walked the dog that day.
present perfect progressive past perfect progressive
“I have been walking the dog.” Sally replied that she had been walking the dog.
past perfect past perfect
“I had walked the dog.” Sally said that she had walked the dog.
• Questions follow the same tense changes as statements. Note the word order in reported speech:
“Where did you park the car?” The policeman asked the man where he had parked the car.
“Is this your car?” The policeman asked the man whether it was his car.
• For requests use ask + object + infinitive
“Could you take me to the movies?” Billy asked his brother to take him to the movies.
• Imperatives become infinitives (with ‘to’) in reported speech:
“Hurry up!” Jenny told Michael to hurry up
“Don’t shout like that!” Jenny told Michael not to shout that way.