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Raumstation ISS - Referat in Englisch

Since living memory, the people dreamt to investigate the stars. Some researchers of the antiquity and the middle Age had made the basis for our knowledge today. We did not have already all things investigate, but the development gets faster in our days. The newest project to investigate the universe and the behaviour of the people in the weightlessness is the Project ISS. It is a project to build a space station. This project runs under the patronage of the American space authority NASA.

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(1.) NASA

(A) Why a space authority?

In March 1958 the officer of the scientific advisory council of the president Eisenhower, John R. Killian, formulated 4 arguments for such a space-travel program of the USA.
1. Investigating the earth and her cosmic surroundings.
2. The country defence
3. National prestige.
4. New possibilities for scientific research.

(B) The foundation

These reasons were clear and understandable but which available authority should take on these services. The NACA (National Advisory Committee of Aeronautics) was independent of government and armed forces, but those interests should also be taken into. The democratic senator from Texas Johnson declared himself in favour of a centrally controlled space-travel program. Johnson presented a bill for this authority, in which only the name of authority were changed to NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). With this one change, the Air Force is apparently replaced, but had hardly an influence on the authority. The president Eisenhower signed the Space Act on July 29th, 1958. AS the first executive director were T. Kleith Glennan appointed. He worked there for 3 years. All buildings of the NACA 8000 employs and 300 million dollars of annual budget changed to the NASA. The authority NACA was dissolved.

(2.) Earlier projects for space stations

Shortly after the NASA was fo...

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