Inhaltsangabe - Referat
DEATH OF A SALESMAN BY ARTHUR MILLER
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Arthur Miller was born in October of 1915 in New York City.
With Death of a Salesman in 1949, Miller secured his reputation as one of the nation's famoust playwrights. Miller divided Death of A Salesman into three sections: Act I, Act II and a short Requiem
The play ?Death of a Salesman", is about the main character, Willy Loman, a man living at the beginning of modern America, in the late 1940?s. In this time more and more new appliances and cars are being manufactured. So Willy is constantly trying to obtain the best things for his two sons Happy and Biff , and his wife Linda. As he slowly starts to lose his mind in this materialistic world, it becomes clear that the only thing he is really concerned about is keeping up with the people around him in times of success and possessions. especially Linda is always worried about him. Beyonde of that he has got a complicated relationship to his son Biff because he criticizing his unsettled life, so that Biff and Happy decide to start a company . Because of Willy?s failure at his job he borrows money from his neighbour Charly to satisfy his family. Finally he is dismissed by his boss when trying to improve his working conditions. In former times Willy had an affair in Boston, which Biff has found out
In the end Willy commits suicide, which Linda has always expected
The question is: How do the charakters evaluate themselves and how do the other charakters evaluate them? Pay special attention to what is said about Willy.
(The types of charakters are divided into two categories: there are the ...nebencharaktere
And the main charakters like Willy, Biff, Happy and Linda, the figures i want to talk about.
He evaluated himself very highly in former times. He always said to his family and his friends that he was the bes salesman, that he was doing better than all the other salesmen and that he knocked them everywhere. He thought that he would make a high career and that he would soon have his own business.
So Willy always had very big dreams and wishes for the future. But nothing happened because he only belonged to the (durchschnitt)
Now, in the present, he knows that he has failed and that his dreams didn't come true. But he doesn't want to realise it really - he also goes on working although he is in the age of retirement.
Willy is too proud to talk with his family about his problems. All the failures in his life break him, he starts talking to himself, he slips back into the past where life was much easier for him, but he also sees opportunities he didn't take.
Willy has the problem that he thinks that success will come automatically when you look good, So he evaluated himself always too highly and waited for his success instead of working for it. In his opinion the outer appearance is more important than learning for school, to have good marks or to work hard for own dreams.
He thought that he was so handsome that success would come and so he didn't take any of the opportunities which would have helped him to make a career.
The other salesman on the other hand evaluate him very lowly:
He's too talkative, makes too much jokes and is too fat.
But Linda always supports her husband, she evaluates him very highly:
For her he's the best, the most handsome man on earth and so she always supports him in his thoughts and in his ?picture? about himself. She tries to give him self-confidence and she ?won?t have anyone making him feel unwanted and low? (p.39, l.40f.).
His sons Biff and Happy evaluated Willy also very highly because they didn't know the truth:
Now, as an adult, Happy adapted his father's values. He is working and has his ?own apartment? (p.15, l.31f.), but he isn't very successful.
Biff knows that these values aren't the right way for his life. So he drifted trough the country, working here and there, searching for his own identity, without knowing what his future is (p.13, l.57).
Charley, longtimefriend and neighbour, evaluates Willy rightly:
He knows that one has to work hard for success and so he wants to help Willy and offers him a job (p.30, l.7), because he knows about Willy's problems.
But Willy is too proud to accept (p.30, l.11).
In my opinion, Linda evaluates herself rightly;
She seems to be the person who always has to save the inner peace.
So she is not able to fulfil her own dreams and wishes, but she accepts her situation. Linda has given all her life for Willy and the children
She knows that Willy tried to commit suicide , but she doesn´t say a word because she
doesn´t want to embarrass him.
All the other charakter evaluate her in the same way as she herself does it
He doesn't evaluate himself very high:
He knows that he is "a lazy bum"(p.9, l.40), who has no regular work, only jobs, and he knows that his father isn't very happy about it because he?s mocking him (p.13,l.39).
Happy evaluates Biff higher: