Referat - Osama bin Laden (auf englisch)
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أسامة بن لادن
Osama bin Laden
Usāma ibn Muhammad ibn Awad ibn Lādin (* March 10, 1957 in Riad ,Saudi-Arabia), for short Osama bin Laden , was a fighter during Afghanistan was under control of the Soviet Union. Today he's the worldwide most wanted terrorist especially because of the attacks on September 11, 2001.
Bin Laden was born as the 17th child of 52 childs, who his father had with his ten wifes. His father, Muhammad bin Laden, was Bedouin from Yemen.
He was building contractor and had connections to the saudi-arabian king Faisal. 1931 he built up the Saudi Binladin Group SGB. Osama's mother could be from Palestine or Saudi-Arabia because of different sources .
Bin Laden should have 24 children with his four wifes - divorced from one. His first wife Nadschwan Ibrahim Ghanim has eleven children with him. One of his daughters might be married with Mullah Omar, who is the leader of the Taliban.
Bin Laden speaks Arabian and maybe Urdu.
His militarian career:
The 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan galvanized bin Laden. He supported the Afghan resistance, which became a jihad, or holy war. Ironically, the U.S. became a major supporter of the Afghan resistance, or mujahideen, working with Saudi Arabia and Pakistan to set up Islamic schools in Pakistan for Afghan refugees. These schools later developed into virtual training centers for Islamic radicals.
By the mid-1980s, bin Laden had moved to Afghanistan, where he built up an organization, Maktab al-Khidimat (MAK), to recruit Islamic soldiers from around the world who later form the basis of an international network. The MAK maintained recruiting offices in Detroit and Brooklyn in the 1980s. The Taliban, the former rulers of Afghanistan, arose from the religious schools set up during the mujahideen's war against the Soviet invasion. After the Soviet army withdrew in 1989, fighting erupted among mujahideen factions. In response to the chaos, the fundamentalist Taliban was formed and within two years it captured most of the country. The Taliban gave bin Laden sanctuary in 1996.
After the Soviet withdrawal in 1989, bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia and worked in his family's construction business. He founded an organization to help veterans of the Afghan war, many of whom went on to fight in Bosnia, Chechnya, Somalia, and the Philippines. Scholars have suggested these loosely connected bands of seasoned soldiers, ready to fight for Islamic causes, form the basis of bin Laden's current support. In 1990, in response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait the Saudi government allowed American troops to be stationed in Saudi Arabia. Bin Laden was angry that American soldiers were stationed in the birthplace of Islam. He also charged the Saudi regime with deviating from true Islam .Bin Laden was expelled from Saudi Arabia in 1991 because of his anti-government activities. He eventually wound up in Sudan where he worked with Egyptian radical groups in exile.
Yet, even as he is reviled in the West, bin Laden is a hero in parts of the Islamic world, according to intelligence reports. His organization is called al-Qaeda "the Base," and has approximately 3,000 followers, which he funds with his estimated $250 million fortune. Experts have said that bin Laden ...
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